The Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) Adaptation to Climate Change
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Project location: Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

This is a sub-project of Climate Change Impact and Adaptation of Coastal Cities Study. Four Asian coastal cities were selected for the study, including Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Bangkok, Manila and Kolkata. HCMC is located on the estuary of the Saigon – Dong Nai River system. A significant part of HCMC is regularly flooded due to a combination of tides, storm surge, rains, floods, and man-made structures. HCMC is recognized as a city at risk of the effects of climate change – it has been identified as one of the ten cities most likely to be severely affected. The study included 4 steps: 1) Baseline Information 2) Modelling of climate change and and its effect on the hydrology 3) Impact assessment 4) Adaptation options identification and proposal.
The project objectives are as follows:
(i) Assessment of the current knowledge base, including historical climate information, coping strategies, and local capacity to deal with natural disasters related to floods, cyclones, and tides
(ii) Identify potential climate change scenarios
(iii) Identification of the most vulnerable coastal and urban resources
(iv) Assessment and quantification of the likely magnitude of effects on social, environmental and economic resources expected due to climate change and variability
(v) Identification and assessment of appropriate alternative intervention scenarios, and prioritization of suitable interventions
(vi) Analysis of the capacity of relevant government agencies to implement identified interventions and provide appropriate recommendations

Impact Chain
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Project details
Type of project Assessment report
Status of project implemented
Spatial scale regional - province-level or catchment area
Emergence of effect Immediate
Persistence of effect Timeframe can not be specified
Running time 2 years
Total costs 167000 usd
Initial investment not specified
Maintenance costs not specified
Initiating agent The People’s Committee of Ho Chi Minh City
Executing agent International Centre for Environmental Management in collaboration with The People’s Committee of Ho Chi Minh City
Funding source Asian Development Bank
Additional information
The study assessed the impact and vulnerability with linking estimates of threat to potential socio-economic and environmental impacts of climate change on areas, sectors and communities in the Ho Chi Minh City by 2050; identified those which are vulnerable; undertook an economic analysis; identified adaptation options and priorities by defining what needs to be done, by whom and when to reduce the risks of climate change and recommended for integration with development planning by defining next steps for integration of adaptation measures into sector and city development plans, policies, procedures, design standards, budgets, and projects. Research findings were communicated at stakeholder workshops.
Problem-solving capacity and reversibility
Problem-solving coverage High
Reversibility Medium
Relevant sectors
Agriculture, Coast, Forestry, Water
Evaluative information
Success factors

Successful uptake of recommendations.
Government needs to implement and mainstream on adaptation plan accordingly

Limiting factors not specified
Synergies to Mitigation not specified
No-regret or Win-Win option

Strengthening of capacities of organizations, institutions and policies to deal with climate change

Evaluation of the project

The project assessed the current knowledge and coping strategies for floods, storm surge, cyclones, and tides; identified potential scenarios that could affect coastal watersheds; identified vulnerable infrastructure and communities; quantified the magnitude of climate impacts on social, environmental, and economic resources; prioritized adaptive scenarios within current institutional frameworks; and looked at government capacity to manage natural disasters and climate shocks.
Policy and practice have been informed by researchers. It improved the knowledge of levels of vulnerability and policy driven opportunities of adaptability in sectors and areas that will require adaptation plans and guidance as a framework for integration.

Contact information
Name: Jeremy Carew-Reid, Director of The International Centre for Environment Management
Address: ICEM Vietnam, 32 Xuan Dieu St, Tay Ho, Hanoi, Vietnam
Tel: +84 4 3823 9127
Information source